Test Bank For Industrial Relations in Canada 4th Edition By Fiona McQuarrie
Test Bank to Accompany McQuarrie/Industrial Relations in Canada, Fourth Edition
THEORIES OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Which of the following is an example of a craft guild in 17th-century North America?
- Tool making
- All of the above
Answer A Page 30 easy
2. Call centre jobs are not characterized by the following
- Low paying
- Good pension plans
- Little job security
Answer C Page 28 intermediate
3. Which of the following was not a function served by craft guilds in North America?
- Supplying insurance
- Providing a replacement during the owner’s absence
- Financial planning
Answer D Page 30-31 intermediate
4. In the factories of the Industrial Revolution, control of the business rested with the factory owner. Which of these was not a function performed at the discretion of the owner?
- Designing the production process
- Designing a payment schedule in conformity with the guidelines established by the craft guild
- Deciding how the work was to be performed
- Deciding who would perform the work
Answer B Page 33 intermediate
5. A law was passed in Britain in 1819 that placed limits on child labour. These limits included which of the following?
- A prohibition against the hiring of children younger than nine
- A prohibition against older children working more than 10 hours per day
- A prohibition against adults working more than 12 hours per day
- All of the above
Answer A Page 34 intermediate
6. In what aspect of trade unions were the Fabian Society, founded by Sidney and Beatrice Webb, interested?
- The results of the prolonged exposer to unsafe working conditions
- advocacy on behalf of working children
- legal protection for injured adult workers
- how trade unions emerged in response to industrialized work structures
Answer D Page 34 intermmediate
7. According to the Webbs, what was the primary reason for the emergence of unions?
- The need to improve working conditions
- The separation between capital and labour
- Dissatisfaction with capitalism
- The increasing cost of living
Answer B Page 35 intermediate
8. In the factory-based economy, who provides the capital?
- The government
- Craft guilds
- Investor groups
- None of the above
Answer D Page 35 intermediate
9. According to the Webbs, what two internal devices did unions use to ensure that unions themselves were democratic and representative of their members’ interests?
- Device of mutual insurance and legal enactment
- Device of common rule and collective bargaining
- Device of the common rule and restriction of numbers
- Device of restriction of numbers and mutual insurance
Answer C Page 36 intermediate
10. Selig Perlman felt that unions should focus on creating economic security and opportunity to bring about what result?
- The promotion of large-scale social change.
- The creation of a stable, long-term basis for union existence.
- A rejection of the principles of capitalism.
- A greater practical understanding of union members by the middle class.
Answer B Page 37 difficult