Test Bank For Abnormal Psychology An Integrative Approach 5th Edition by Barlow
Indicate the answer choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
1. What is the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders?
a. a guide for training psychology students in assessment techniques
b. a textbook about the etiology of psychological disorders
c. a classification system for abnormal behavior
d. an encyclopedia of treatment approaches for psychological disorders
2. Which of the following is a part of the intellectual functioning component of a mental status exam?
a. noting a person’s vocabulary
b. noting the appropriateness of a person’s attire
c. noting a person’s mood
d. noting the content of what a person is saying
3. What is the primary basis for a prognosis?
a. information about the course of the disorder in other individuals
b. clinical experience
c. the treatment options available to the patient
d. the client’s desire to reform
4. Suppose an individual taking the MMPI falsifies answers in order to look good. On which scale will he or she most likely have a high score?
a. Defensiveness (K)
b. Infrequency (F)
c. Inconsistency (I)
d. Lie (L)
5. What kind of test is the Stanford-Binet test?
a. a personality test
b. a projective test
c. an intelligence test
d. a mental status test
6. What does the classical categorical approach to diagnosis assume about each person with a particular disorder?
a. He or she will experience very few of the same symptoms.
b. He or she will respond to the same treatments equally.
c. He or she will be helped by recognizing the cause of the disorder.
d. He or she will experience the same symptoms with little or no variation.
7. If an assessment measures what it is intended to measure it is said to be considered to be which of the following?
8. A clinician asks a child to sit at a desk in a simulated classroom situation to complete a difficult task. The clinician is using this technique to discover the reasons the child has been engaging in self-hitting (self-injurious) behaviour. In behavioural assessment terms, what type of behaviour has the self-hitting been identified as?
a. measurable behaviour
b. target behaviour
c. resultant behaviour
d. observable behaviour
9. One of the problems in using neuropsychological tests to detect organic damage and cognitive disorders involves the possibility of false negatives. Which of the following is most likely to result from a false negative?
a. A patients undergoes completely unnecessary and expensive procedures.
b. A clinician misses an important medical problem that needs to be treated.
c. A patient is diagnosed with a condition that does not exist.
d. Cell damage occurs due to repeated radiation exposure.
10. Why was the Comprehensive System for administering and scoring the Rorschach inkblot test developed?
a. because it was discovered that inter-rater reliability had increased significantly
b. because the previous scoring system was found to be difficult and time consuming
c. because Hermann Rorschach was dissatisfied with the way his test was being administered
d. because there was a lack of standardized procedures, which can affect the way the test-taker responds to the questions
11. Why does the assessment concept known as reliability increase in the MMPI?
a. because the MMPI is often interpreted by computer
b. because the MMPI is non-sexist
c. because the MMPI is well researched
d. because the MMPI is made up of many scales
12. When Ms. Rath was seeking employment, a job consultant gave her a standard IQ test. The following year, the same consultant gave Ms. Rath the same IQ test. Ms. Rath’s score was similar on both occasions. What does this indicate?
a. The test has concurrent validity.
b. The test has long-term validity.
c. The test has inter-rater reliability.
d. The test has test-retest reliability.
13. Using a new diagnostic system, several clinicians interview a patient and independently provide the same diagnosis. The diagnosis may be different from the diagnosis that would be applied using an older diagnostic system. What can we assume about the new diagnostic system?
a. It appears to be standardized.
b. It appears to be reliable.
c. It appears to be normed.
d. It appears to be valid.
14. What are neuropsychological tests used to assess?
a. whether an individual might have had a psychotic episode
b. whether an individual might have a brain dysfunction
c. whether an individual might be intellectually disabled
d. whether an individual might be in a depressed state
15. Which of the following is a projective test?
a. the WAIS
b. the MMPI
c. the TAT
d. the MCMI