Clinical Guidelines in Primary Care 3rd Edition Hollier Test Bank
Clinical Guidelines in Primary Care 3rd edition HollierChapter 1 Cardiovascular DisordersMULTIPLE CHOICE1.The nurse is aware that the muscle layer of the heart, which is responsible for the heartscontraction, is the:a. endocardium.b. pericardium.c. mediastinum.d. myocardium.ANS: DThe myocardium is the specialized muscle layer that allows the heart to contract.2.The nurse clarifies that the master pacemaker of the heart is the:a. left ventricle.b. atrioventricular (AV) node.c. sinoatrial (SA) node.d. bundle of His.ANS: CThe SA node is the master pacemaker of the heart.3.The nurse is aware that the symptoms of an impending myocardial infarction (MI) differ inwomen because acute chest pain is not present. Women are frequently misdiagnosed as having:a. hepatitis A.b. indigestion.c. urinary infection.d. menopausal complications.ANS: BIndigestion, gallbladder attack, anxiety attack, and depression are frequent misdiagnoses forwomen having an MI.4.The nurse identifies the LUBB sound of the LUBB/DUBB of the cardiac cycle as the sound ofthe:a. AV valves closing.b. closure of the semilunar valves.c. contraction of the papillary muscles.d. contraction of the ventricles.ANS: AThe LUBB is the first sound of a low pitch heard when the AV valves close.5.A patient is admitted from the emergency department. The emergency department physiciannotes the patient has a diagnosis of heart failure with a New York Heart Association (NYHA)classification of IV. This indicates the patients condition as:a. moderate heart failure.b. severe heart failure.c. congestive heart failure.d. negligible heart failure.ANS: BClass IV: Severe; patient unable to perform any physical activity without discomfort. Angina orsymptoms of cardiac inefficiency may develop at rest.6.The nurse assesses that the home health patient has no signs or symptoms of heart failure, butdoes have a history of rheumatic fever and has been recently diagnosed with diabetes mellitus.The nurse is aware that using the American College of Cardiology and the American HeartAssociation (ACC/AHA) staging, this patient would be a:a. stage A.b. stage B.c. stage C.d. stage D.ANS: AThe ACC/AHA staging describes stage A as a person without symptoms of heart failure, butwith primary conditions associated with the development of the disease.7.The nurse caring for a patient recovering from a myocardial infarct who is on remote telemetryrecognizes the need for added instruction when the patient says:a. I can ambulate in the hallway with this gadget on.b. I always take off the telemetry device when I shower.c. My EKG is being watched by one of the nurses in CCU on the home unit.d. I am able to sleep just fine with this device on.ANS: BRemote telemetry allows the patient to be on a separate unit, but be monitored in a centrallocation. The patients can be ambulatory and can sleep with the monitor on. Theyshould not remove the monitor to shower.8.The nurse assesses pitting edema that can be depressed approximately inch and refills in 15seconds. The nurse would document this assessment as:a. 1 edema.b. 2 edema.c. 3 edema.d. 4 edema.ANS: BA 2 edema can be documented if the skin can be depressed inch and respond within 15seconds.9.What do dark or cold spots on a thallium scan indicate?a. Tissue with adequate blood supplyb. Dilated vesselsc. Areas of neoplastic growthd. Tissue that has inadequate perfusionANS: DThallium scans show adequate perfused areas by the collection of thallium. Dark spots or coldspots indicate tissues that have inadequate perfusion.10.The nurse recognizes the echocardiogram report that shows an ejection factor of 42% as anindication of:a. normal heart action.b. mild heart failure.c. moderate heart failure.