Introduction to Environmental Sciences & Geology
Environmental sciences help study the chemical, biological, and physical processes on Earth and the social, political, and cultural processes that impact the planet. Whereas geology is the study of the Earth, it is also called geoscience. It also looks at how the Earth is formed, its structure, composition, and the type of process that acts on it.
Types of Environmental Sciences & Geology
There are five major types of environmental sciences. Each one is made up of different and multiple disciplines. The fields are
- Atmospheric Sciences.
- Ecology Sciences. Environmental scientists use their knowledge
- Environmental Sciences.
- Geosciences and Social Sciences.
Whereas geology is divided into three major fields as
- Environmental Geology
- Physical Geology
- Historical Geology
Primary goals for Environmental Sciences and Geology
The main objectives of environmental sciences are
- To learn how the natural world works.
- To understand how humans interact with the environment.
- To find ways to deal with ecological problems and live more sustainably.
- The employment of environmental scientists is projected to continue to grow in the coming decades.
The primary goal of geology is to understand the rates and processes constantly changing the Earth and the other planets.
Examples of Environmental Sciences and Geology
Some examples of environmental sciences include human ecology and climate change science. These are ecological sciences because the study has the interaction and impact of humans on and within their environment. Examples of geology are
- Seismology research
- Shallow geophysics
- Shallow geohazards
Principles of Environmental Sciences and Geology
The seven basic principles of environmental sciences are:
- Central diversity and redundancy.
- Manage connectivity.
- Manage slow variables and feedback.
- Foster complex adaptive system thinking.
- Encourage learning.
- Broaden participation.
- Promote a polycentric governance system.
The five basic principles of geology are;
- Cross-cutting relationships
- Walther’s law
- Original horizontally
Difference between Environmental Sciences and Geology
Environmental Science deals with studying the environment by integrating physical and biological science. The study in the particular field relates more to people’s observations and policies toward the environment. But geology is a branch of science that deals with studying the Earth. Nowadays, it is essential to foresee the natural hazards which are bound to come in the future.
Can an environmental scientist also be a good geologist?
Environmental geologists are those who study the interaction between human activities biosphere, atmosphere, geosphere, biosphere, and hydrosphere. They also have to work so they can solve problems that are associated with urbanization, pollution, natural hazards, waste management, and, such as flooding and erosion.
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Test Bank Resources is a trusted name in the field of test banks. It provides a wide range of test banks from authors who have published the same textbooks. The test bank includes all the questions related to environmental sciences and geology and this article will help you a lot to get information on how to prepare well for exams.
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